Years and centuries pass, and the times when fires were extinguished only with water are behind us. In our modern times, it is no longer necessary to have a few buckets of water at hand to put out a fire at the very beginning - because it is enough to use a modern fire extinguisher - a fire extinguisher. According to fire safety regulations, all industrial and public places, as well as all vehicles, must have fire extinguishers.
Fire extinguisher is a type of fire equipment designed to extinguish the source of ignition with the help of special fire extinguishers. According to the method of transportation, fire extinguishers are of three types: portable, mobile and stationary. Fire extinguishers have different volumes of extinguishing agent and are used on fires of different sizes. Portable and mobile types of fire extinguishers can be used with human presence. A stationary fire extinguisher is installed in the immediate vicinity of a possible fire source and starts automatically.
According to the type of fire extinguishing agent they use, fire extinguishers are divided into several places. Such fire extinguishers are: powder-powered, gas-powered, foam and water-powered types. Each type of fire extinguisher is designed to extinguish different types of fires with five levels of complexity.
Powder fire extinguishers have a wide range of uses. Such fire extinguishers can also be used to extinguish fires in electrical equipment. Gas fire extinguishers belong to the type of universal fire extinguishers. Foam fire extinguishers are used for burning solids and fuels, as well as for burning some flammable liquids in an area of approximately 1 square meter. The use of water-powered fire extinguishers is prohibited when live electrical equipment burns.
When the fire extinguisher is accepted for use, it is necessary to pay attention to some of its properties. In particular, it is necessary to pay attention to the volume of the extinguisher cylinder, extinguishing capacity, working temperature range, its resistance to wear (corrosion) and electrical conductivity of the extinguishing agent.
A number of measures should be taken to keep fire extinguishers in good working condition. These measures include: regular inspection of fire extinguishers, refilling them, obtaining a technical certificate, repairing individual parts and sprinkler joints, high-quality painting of cylinders that increases wear resistance.
Keeping fire extinguishers in working condition is a part of complex measures in the field of fire safety. In this regard, timely referral to specialists for the necessary maintenance of fire extinguishers can prevent dangerous situations.