The robots used in firefighting consist of a remote-controlled barrel with a base (carriage) equipped with an inclined and 360-degree rotating nozzle. Such devices are assembled in special shock and explosion-proof bodies (cases) and are designed to work in extreme conditions, both in controlled and autonomous mode.
An artificial intelligence system has been applied to a stationary robot for fully autonomous firefighting. The artificial intelligence system allows the fire fighting robot to collect data from its various warning devices, analyze this data and determine the fire situation by exception method. The system's analysis of a number of factors and signals allows to avoid errors and mistakes during fire extinguishing.
For example, a barrel with such a base installed on a marine platform will not perceive water glare as a source of fire. Because information from other devices will not confirm this signal. It is also possible to install the system in a different way. At this time, the robot will become one of the segments of the system, coordinate its actions with the central control system, electronic devices or staff, and receive information from the automated control system.
A fire extinguishing robot is not satisfied only with assessing the direction and strength of the fire. Separate warning devices included in the system determine the distance to the source of ignition, and accordingly, the strength and distance of the blast from the nozzle are adjusted. The rotating nozzle (nozzle) is equipped with a device that allows using both ordinary water and foam as a fire extinguishing agent. In addition, the spraying of the extinguishing agent itself is adjustable. For example, the robot is able to shoot water both in the form of a general spray and in the form of water powder.
When modern materials burn, they create an atmosphere around them that is harmful to human life. Due to such a poisonous atmosphere, those involved in extinguishing the fire are either not able to extinguish the fire at all, or are blindly extinguishing it. The result is often ineffective, and sometimes completely useless.
There is no need to evacuate the barrel with a base from the place of fire - because the environment with high temperature is not dangerous for it. This barrel, which is in the epicenter of the fire, allows to carry out point (local) fire extinguishing. This, without a doubt, allows to raise the level of fire safety, and as a result, to raise the protection of human lives and material values to a qualitatively new level.